Website in transition

Hi all,
The laptop and software setup that I have used for many years for websites is no longer working, so I am transitioning to a website on Google Sites. Since it is almost the end of the school year and I won’t be assigning any more homework on planning any more field trips, I am setting up the new site with the 2016-17 school year in mind. I expect to have the 4/5 split next year, with mostly fifth-graders, so I’ve included fifth grade information as well as fourth. This should also be helpful to this year’s students as they prepare for fifth grade. I am also experimenting with moving the blog to Google Blogger.

If you’d like to take a look at the new site, it is https://sites.google.com/a/wccusd.net/mad8/

I would appreciate any feedback so that I can improve the site. It will be much easier for me to make revisions to the new site, so if you find links that don’t work please let me know. The more information you can give me on where the bad link is, the better.

– Ms. Buginas

Our California museum

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The California coastline stretches from the bottom of Oregon to the top of Mexico. The total length is 840 miles. Some of the biggest cities in the United States are on the California coast, such as Los Angeles and San Francisco. The coast is a popular place to settle because of its cool breeze and awesome weather. In Southern California, the temperature can reach up to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. In Northern California, the weather is cooler. If you want to see the wonder for yourself, drive along Highway 1!
– JC

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This is an orchard from the California Central Valley. The Central Valley grows more than half of the United States’ food. One of the most popular foods grown in the Central Valley is almonds. 80% of the water in California is used for Central Valley agricultural. The Central Valley is actually made up of two valleys – the San Joaquin Valley and the Sacramento Valley. – MP

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California has many kinds of forests. The North Coastal Redwood Forest is one of them. The North Coastal Redwood Forest has lots of animals and, of course, trees. The trees are evergreen and are conifers. Conifer means it has pinecones. Some of the animals are spotted owls, flying squirrels, and slugs. – A W-Z

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The California Grizzly Bear is on the California state flag. Now, they are extinct in California because they have all been killed. But there is still a small population in some other places in the world. This diorama is showing you the environment that the California Grizzly bear lived in. They are omnivores. They eat seeds, berries, grasses, roots, deer, elk, fish, dead animals, and insects. – LL

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Yosemite is one of California’s national parks. It stands within the Sierra Nevada mountains. It used to be the home of the Miwok, a Native American tribe. Yosemite has many waterfalls and mountains. Some of them are Yosemite Falls, Half Dome, and Vernal Falls. Yosemite became a national park on Oct. 1, 1890.- MXD

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There are many mountain ranges (rows of mountains) in California. California has some of the tallest mountains in the United States. Mt. Whitney is the highest peak in the lower 48 states. – KR

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Mt. Shasta is partly in California and partly in Oregon. Mt. Shasta is a volcano and is still potentially active today. The height of Mt. Shasta is 14,180 feet. Mt. Shasta is located by the city of Redding. It’s about an hour drive from Redding to Mt. Shasta. Some types of rocks you can see in Mt. Shasta are limestone, granite, spaghetti rock, and volcanic rock. – MC

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Death Valley is located in the lower half of California. It’s one of the hottest places in the world, and is the driest place in North America. Although it is very dry, many living things still live there such as cacti and bighorn sheep. – KG

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The Ohlone were a Native American tribe that lived near the coast of California. They used plants from their area, such as tule reed, to make their homes. Unlike a tepee, Ohlone homes were shaped like a dome. Most Ohlone villages had 10-15 families. – ALE

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This is a Chumash sweathouse. They used willow branches to build the sweathouse. What they used to cover the sweathouse was cattails in layers. They needed the sweathouse to sweat off their smell to hunt for deer. They lived in Southern California. – KN

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The Pomo Indians used bows for hunting. They made the bows out of carved redwood. The string was made of grass they found near the redwoods. They would have to find the softest branches to make the bow so they could pull the string back without breaking the branch. They would weave the grass to make string for the bows. – KO

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The Pomo used spears as a tool for hunting. They used the spear for fishing. The spears were made out of all natural resources. Some of the things they used to make the spears were carved pieces of redwood and arrowheads. – LM

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The Miwok made their arrows from bamboo sticks. The Miwok burned the tip of the bamboo and added the sharpened arrow heads. They sharpened the tips of the arrow heads with antlers. The feathers on the back of the arrow came from duck. The Miwok lived in Central California so they hunted things like elk, deer, woodrats, beavers, and squirrels from the grasslands. They also hunted grizzly bears in the Sierras. – AEA

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Mission San Diego was created in 1769 by Father Serra. Missions were created to teach Native Americans Catholic culture. It was created with wood and mud.The Native Americans were angry that the Spanish took away their land and enslaved them. When a group of Native Americans burned the mission down, the Spanish rebuilt it in 1774 using adobe. – JG

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After Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821, the Mexicans decided to close the missions. They gave big pieces of land from the missions to people. People used this land for ranchos. At the ranchos, people raised cattle, horses, and other animals. – AH

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Rancheros’ clothes were made of leather, cotton, and denim. They also wore a belt to hold up their pants. The leather the rancheros wore kept them warm. Some rancheros wore fancy clothes but that is not what this shows. What this project shows is everyday work clothes. The rancheros would farm so they needed something that could get really dirty and not rip easily. – SGN

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This gun is a replica of a pistol used by the Americans in the Mexican-American War. After the war, the U.S. won all or part of seven different states, including California. The Walker Colt, as it was called, was built for power at a close range, and that was exactly its effect. In fact, it was so strong, it was the biggest and most powerful black powder revolving handgun ever made. – GR

imageJames Marshall discovered gold in the American River at Sutter’s fort in 1848, while he was working on a water powered sawmill. Marshall wanted to keep his discovery a secret until the sawmill was finished, but the news got out. The Gold Rush brought many people to California. California then became a state. – TZ

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Spades were used in the 1840’s during the California Gold Rush. It was one of the first tools in the Gold Rush, alongside the shovel, the pan, and the long tom. The spade was one of the more eco-friendly tools of the Gold Rush, at least compared to the mercury and other mining methods. Spades were not favored by miners as much as pans or long toms. Once the 1850’s rolled around, the spade became less popular with the miners of the Gold Rush, because of new tools. Spades are still a useful tool up to this day. – PW

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By the spring of 1849 many people were coming to California to find gold from many places around the world, including the eastern United States. People from the eastern United States came in wagons. People would make the journey in groups of many families called wagon trains. The wagons were pulled by animals such as oxen and sometimes horses. – RR

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The Pony Express was a mail service that carried mail, messages, newspapers, and small packages. They carried things from St.Joseph, Missouri, over the Great Plains, and the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento, California on horses. In total, The Pony Express had 184 stations. The stations were each 10 miles away from each other because 10 miles was as far as a horse could go at a galloping speed. Riders were as young as 11 years old. The Pony Express ended after 19 months. It ended because the first telegraph was completed. Now, there was no more use for The Pony Express. – VKT

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The Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860’s and completed on May 10,1869. Two companies raced toward each other from two sides of the continent and met in the middle. California Governor Leland Stanford connected the railroad with a golden spike in Promontory,Utah. – JLB

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The Drum Bridge is in the Japanese Tea Garden in San Francisco. It was made in 1894. It is a small, dark brown bridge. The Drum Bridge is at a high arch so that tall boats can go under it. It is shaped as a half circle so that when it reflects the water, it looks like a full circle. – KC

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On April 18, 1906 at 5:12 am a natural disaster struck San Francisco with a 7.8 magnitude. It was one of strongest ever recorded. It wiped out 3,000 people and left 400,000 people on the streets. 80% of the city was destroyed. It was the 1906 Earthquake! – LF

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The Santa Cruz Boardwalk has been an amusement park since 1907. It is one of the only amusement parks with a beach next to it. One of its most famous rides is the Big Dipper. The Big Dipper is a roller coaster that was built by John Miller.- CCW

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Hollywood is in Los Angeles, California. It’s a highly diverse city and it’s the 28th biggest city in California. Hollywood has a population of more than 100,000! This place is the heart of the film industry of the U.S. The Hollywood sign is located on Mount Lee and has been there since 1923. – AS

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Alcatraz is an island located in the San Francisco Bay. On Alcatraz island there used to be a prison that held some of the most violent criminals in all of the world. The average Alcatraz prison cell was 5 feet long and 9 feet wide and the sleeping cot often took up half or more than half of the cell. The sink in each cell could only run on cold water. There was also a small toilet. – NL

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The Golden Gate Bridge connects Marin County and San Francisco. It was built in 1937. It is one of the current seven wonders of the world. In total, it took about $27 million to build the Golden Gate Bridge. The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge. – CS

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In 1940 rosies (Rosie the riveters) were building victory ships for World War II in Richmond, Calif. The shipyards, where they were built, took up the southern shore line. – MA

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Disneyland has been around for 61 years. It is located in Anaheim, California. The founder of Disneyland was Walt Disney. Disneyland was opened on July 17,1955 and is still an amusement park today. – SL

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The Transamerica building is the tallest building in San Francisco. It was built between 1969 and 1972. It Is 853 feet (260 meters) tall, and it took the workers 10 years to finish it. The building was built as a pyramid so light could shine down on the street. The tip of the building does not block as much light as the top of a square building. – GSK

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California has had a drought going on for many years. This diorama represents how Lake Oroville has lost lots of water in only a few years. Lake Oroville started out with lots of living plants around it, but now it has dead shrubs growing where water use to be. California needs four more months of heavy rain and in the right places too. To help save water, you could go to a car wash instead of washing your car on your driveway because car washes reuse their water. – IN

Benchmark math assessments

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Benchmark Math test
In math, whenever we finish a trimester we take a benchmark math test. The math test usually has word problems, but not always. The math assessments are on seeing where you are in math. The tests are about addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. -AA

 

 

 

 

Book tells about Oregon Trail journey

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In class we are reading a book called, Across the Wide and Lonesome Prairie. It’s about a girl named Hattie Campbell who is traveling in a wagon, with her family on the Oregon Trail. Her story takes place in 1847. She is 13 years old and has two little brothers. She has already lost 3 sisters in her lifetime. From what we have learned already, she is excited for this trip but also nervous.
We have also learned the dangers of going on a trip like this. Here are just a few of them. If you have to cross a river you could get pulled down and drown. All of your food could tip over and spill. (This could cause you to run out of food.) You might get lost. If you pick the wrong, wild plants you could end up poisoning someone on accident. Some of the boys play with guns and they have shot a lot of people and animals. They have shot a few young children, and a couple animals pulling wagons.
We have also learned about how the kids and grown-ups then and there are different from us now. One way they are different from us is that when they grow up they will most likely be farmers. People now will most likely grow up to be a doctor, teacher, scientist, businessman, businesswoman, waiter, or a engineer, or something like that. Another way that they are different from us is that they travel by walking or by wagon. The people that live in the 2000s have buses, cars, BART, or subway, bikes, plane, electric scooter, motorcycle.
-A.W.Z

Learning about quadrilaterals

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Quadrilaterals
Recently in class we have been learning about all the different types of quadrilaterals. Here are some kinds of quadrilaterals:
Parallelogram
Square
Rectangle
Rhombus
Trapezoid
Some things that all quadrilaterals should have is:
Closed sides (not open.)
4 sided
In class we organized different quadrilaterals, we put parallelogram, square, rectangle, and rhombus all in one group because those are all parallelograms. We put the trapezoid alone in one group because the other shapes had 2 sets of parallel sides (a parallelogram) but the trapezoid only had one set of parallel sides. (Parallel means two sides that are across from each other that never meet.) LM

 

 

PE equipment

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In room 8 we have all sorts of PE equipment to use. So far we have used the tennis rackets, basket balls, footballs, volleyballs, soccer balls, small bouncy balls, tennis balls, rubber dots, and cones. We also have played games with the PE equipment, some are pickle, pinkie, ultimate frisbee, soccer, volleyball, touch football, around the world, circle catch, kickball, and tennis. AA

Class has spring party

  • imageOn April 1st our class is having a spring party. Like usual parties you can bring a food, just keep in mind that there can only be 1 dessert  and someone has already signed up for that. Also like usual your kid can bring in a game (NOT electronic please). The party starts at 11:30 so you can bring food in at the beginning of class or you can bring it in around
    11:25.-NBL